Tri Hita Karana Assesment in Tanah Lot Bali PDF Print E-mail

Active ImageToday at Tanah Lot Tourism Object will held assesment of Tri Hita Karana Award. Tanah Lot Tourism Object is one tourism object in Bali which always follow this competition. Tanah Lot Tourism Object already have gold medal twice for tourism object criteria. THK (tri hita karana) Awards & Accreditations, showing the positive aspects of the program of certification and competition awards for the last three periods, this is now an explanation of its philosophical base. It is important to understand its philosophical and conceptional basis as it is often used as an explanation in claims which interpret the THK concept as having a universal value. Some quarters have equated it with the Hindu religion and propose that it should only be discussed among religious experts. THK has also been perceived as having something of a sacred character. This is probably because of the aspect of THK which deals with interhuman harmony in relation to God (spiritual values).


The THK concept is also often confused with tri mandala terminology. Tri mandala is the concept of balance in the division of space into three parts: (1) the main mandala/central part, (2) the madya mandala/middle part, (3) the least-qualified mandala/outer space. This has led people to misunderstand THK and believe that it has just a teritorially physical dimension. This misconception resulted in a very basic fault, i.e. equating parhyangan with temple/family temple/mrajan, while in effect the site of worship is a media of communication with God. On the other hand, home-based (traditional village’s wewidangan or houseyard site) possesses a similar position equal to pawongan.

Thus, a grave, controlled by the traditional village, or sewerage system in the houseyard belongs to the palemahan aspect. Such a perception and interpretation is not only incorrect but also degrades the existence and essence, universality and grace of the THK. In effect, the THK is not only universal but also a totality. THK comprises the macrocosmos, bhuwana agung, without loosing sense and essence as an island, an area, a courtyard, a building, a space, even for a human entity.

In a human entity, commonly known as bhuwana alit (microcosmos), the three elements are as follows: (1) the soul/spirit as an element to enliven a human being or soul as the parhyangan element, (2) power, prana, or energy capable of activating a human being as the pawongan element, (3) the human body as a material entity (palemahan). In the macrocosmos or bhuwana agung, the three elements of the THK include: (1) nature’s spirit (brahma/God Almighty); (2) the human being owning voice, energy, and thoughts functioning as a manager and motivator towards nature; (3) nature’s existence as the material entity of the cosmos.

Tri etymologically means three, hita denotes prosoperity, karana means causes. Thus, tri hita karana denotes three elements or layers of causes which give birth to happiness, or three factors bringing about realization of prosperity/happiness both materially and spiritually. The three elements of (1) Parhyangan (spiritual layers and values), (2) Pawongan (socio-cultural strata) and (3) Palemahan (physical and natural environment), may also be identified as soul, energy and physical entity. Parhyangan relates to human harmony with God Tuhan (spiritual/theological layer), that of pawongan is concerned with harmony between people, (socio-cultural layer), and palemahan relates to harmony between people and the natural environment.

Thus, THK is essentially an way of balanced living, which necessarily needs to be developed into a way of life, combining ‘srada’ (faith), prayers to God, mutual service among people, and preservation of the natural environment. Underlying this attitude and movement is the love and affection which are part of people’s duty or swadharma.