Festivity Procession in Tanah Lot PDF Print E-mail

templeaThe most important day of the year for the Balinese in Tanah Lot so close. Many procession will held during Galungan, and Kuningan in Tanah Lot. Many rules for hindus people must obeyed during the big ceremony event after the top of ceremony. The procession during Galungan and Kuningan day are :

Sugian Jawa, May 06th, 2010 : During this day offerings are made in the form of aromatic flowers and incense which are presented at sacred places such as the public temples and family-temples, the direct vicinity of these sacred places, and sacred objects belonging to these places, to honor the gods and the pitara (the deified spirits of the ancestors). The cleansing of the environment is symbolic and intended to reinforce or maintain a balance between the non-physical positive powers (gods, deified ancestors, and other) and negative powers (bhuta-kala) of niskala, so that, with the support of the positive powers, the affairs of men will not be disturbed by these negative powers.

Sugian Bali, May 07th, 2010 : The ceremonies are conducted at the local temples with prayers and special offerings. At the end of the ceremonies one is symbolically cleansed of inner negativity by a pemangku (lay priest) or pedanda (high priest) with purifying sacred water called tirta penglukatan. The symbolism of this ceremony is intended to remind the individual to guard himself against the selfish desires and actions of the ego in favor of the unselfish goals of the soul or higher self. One prays for a clear mind with positive thinking and for strength to keep one's self- control in situations where negative emotions are bound to arise.

Penyekeban, May 09th, 2010 : Penyekeban is derived from the Balinese word nyekeb which means '(to) ripen fruit'. Besides its literal meaning of ripening fruit, Penyekeban also has a (more important) symbolic meaning in respect with the bhuana alit (the inner world of the individual human being). In spiritual sense the individual, just like the fruits, has to ripen in order to be in a position to siege over adharma, the selfish urges, desires, and actions of the ego. Penyekeban is also the day that the first of the Sang Kala Tiga, Sang Bhuta Galungan, descends to earth to tempt mankind to adharma.

Penyajaan, May 10th, 2010 : Penyajaan is derived from the High Balinese word jaya which means 'glorious, victorious'. Galungan means 'to make war, to fight'. In combination Penyajaan Galungun therefore means, 'to be victorious in the war' (against adharma). In a symbolic sense Penyajaan Galungan is the time that the Balinese Hindu's should be 'glorious and victorious' in respect with their inner struggle against adharma so they will be safe for the second symbolic temptation of the Kala-tiganing Galungan (or Sang Kala Tiga) who descends this day to earth as Sang Bhuta Dungulan.

Penampahan, May 11th, 2010 : Penampahan is derived from the Balinese word tampah which means '(to) kill, slaughter'. The killing of animals in this respect is symbolic for killing 'the animal inside yourself' - the victory of the higher self over the ego in their struggle for control of the inner power of the individual; implicity this symbolizes the victory of dharma over adharma.

Galungan, May 12th, 2010 : Galungan Day  is the climax of the Galungan celebrations. Throughout the day the local temples are crowded with people coming and going, bringing the offerings that have been prepared since penyekeban. The offerings are presented with mass prayers to Sang Hyang Widi (God), to His manifestations (dewa/dewi, bhatara/bhatari) and to the spirits of one's ancestors (pitara/pitari).

Umanis Galungan, May 13th, 2010 : The purpose of this day is to cleanse the bhuana alit (= the micro cosmos, the individual human being) in a physical and spiritual sense. After the ceremony, people perform the so called nyurud (= the taking back the offerings and sharing them with the family members) as a symbol of obtaining blessings from Bhatara Hyang Guru.

Ulihan, May 16th, 2010 : Ulihan takes place four days after Galungan Day, at the Sunday of Kuningan, the 12th week of the Balinese Pawukon calendar. At Ulihan Day the Dewata (gods) return to their respective Kahyangan or heavens.

Pemacekan Agung, May 17th, 2010 : Pemacekan Agung takes place five days after Galungan Day, at the Monday of Kuningan, the 12th week of the Balinese Pawukon calendar. The Pemacekan Agung ceremony is performed to return the Kala-tiganing Galungan or Sang Kala Tiga, being Sang Bhuta Galungan, Sang Bhuta Dungulan and Sang Bhuta Amangkurat and their followers to their respective places in the invisible world of niskala.

Kuningan, May 22th, 2010 : Kuningan is the day when the Gods and Pitara return to the earth to bestow physical and spiritual prosperity on humanity, and to bless all beings of the universe. The ceremonial equipment used on Kuningan is quite special. Amongst them are: tebog, selanggi, endongan, yellow rice, puppets, tamiang, kolem and others. The ceremonies should be completed before the sun sinks to the west (before noon) because by then the Gods and Pitara will have returned to their respective kahyangan or heavens in the invisible world of niskala.