Bhuta Kala in Hindus Point of View PDF Print E-mail

Active ImageAccording to belief of hindus people in Bali, few days before Nyepi Dayi, bhuta kala or the demons still gallivante in human being world to look for devoting. Hence from that, one day before Nyepi Day or which is ordinary named Tawur Kesanga, all hindus people in Bali perform pecaruan or called Bhuta Yadnya ceremony to give devoting so that bhuta kala do not disturb the humans life.  Bhuta means natural elements, while Yadnya means holy devoting ceremony. Word " Bhuta" often related with word " Kala" with the meaning " time" or " energi". So,  Bhuta Kala means universe element and its strength.

Balinese has their perspective on dealing with night. However, this perspective has greatly changed in the course 50 years due to modernization and tourism. In the bygone days, night was considered as the time for supernatural beings, malignant spirits, bhuta kala, leak (witch) filled the darkness of the night. The older generation of Balinese see the night as a dangerous time for traveling outside the house compound, though the gamelan at that time was held in the evening but it never lasted until late at night.


A tawur kesanga (‘offering’ or ‘repayment’ of the ninth month) ceremonial series must be performed for the ninth new moon of the Saka year in order that all the creatures of the natural world will be compensated for supporting human beings throughout the previous year. This type of tawur falls into the category of bhuta yadnya, which are rituals and offerings for bhuta kala; ‘dangerous’ forces usually in the form of demonic spirits or raksasa. Balinese ritual activity requires large numbers of blood sacrifices, especially during mecaru ceremonies. The ‘caru’, made from rotting meat and other putrid or foul ingredients, are offered, in this case by specialist sengguhu priests, on the ground to satisfy the hunger of the bhuta kala.